D. MARX AS THE MATERIALIST IN SOCIAL THEORY As well as being a humanist, Marx may also be seen as the materialist in social theory: • Marx believed that what subjugates human is not ideas, it is the material reality. Therefore any change must firstly stem from a change in the material reality of the world, not a change in people’s views and ideas. Marx wrote that ‘to be radical is to grasp things by the root’ in his 1843 work Contribution to Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right. • Marxism saw the realities of Capitalism as leading to a growing working class and a small class of rich. Therefore it is this growing class of proletariat (the working class) that is being alienated to the maximum that will initiate radical change. • Proletariat is the vehicle. Proletariat will be the agents as they have nothing to lose. They have already a total loss of humanity because the ‘wrong which is done to it is not a particular wrong but wrong in general.’
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Approximately 15437 words over 30 pages. Prepared in 2019.